Arg e Bam
The Arg-e Bam (Arg means citadel in Persian) was the largest adobe building and mud-brick complexes in the world, located in Bam, a city near Kerman in southeastern Iran.
The Arg-e Bam (Arg means citadel in Persian) was the largest adobe building and mud-brick complexes in the world, located in Bam, a city near Kerman in southeastern Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh). This citadel is one of the most important and historic military fortresses in the country, attracting many tourists every year. Unfortunately, after the earthquake, became the largest adobe ruin in the world but still impressive and beautiful and there are perfect examples of Iranian architecture. It is registered by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site “Bam and its Cultural Landscape”.
The entire building was a large fortress in whose heart the citadel itself was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is named the Bam Citadel.
The origin of this enormous glorious citadel on the Silk Road can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC) and even beyond. The majesty of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.
The citadel and original city of Bam were probably founded in the Sassanian period (224-637) and some of the surviving structures must have been built before the 12th century, but the greater part of what remains dates from the Safavie period (1502-1722).