Persepolis is the most magnificent and beloved monument in Iran and also one of the world-renowned that has been register at UNESCO as world heritage site
Persepolis (known as Takhte-jamshid in Persian) is the most magnificent and beloved monument in Iran and also one of the world-renowned that has been register at UNESCO as world heritage site .with more than 2500 years of history, it is a symbol of the Power, grandeur, and glory of the past among Iranians. Persepolis for many years has been the ceremonial capital of the glorious kingdom of Iran during the Achaemenian Empire. Eskandar Maqduni was the Greek commander who attacked Persia and set on fire Persepolis. But ruins of this place are still in Marvdasht near Shiraz, the capital of Fars province. You may not have heard of this empire but you have for sure heard about the pioneers of human right establishment most notably ‘Cyrus the Great’ who ruled in this era.
Persepolis is a memorable to place to visit. At day you may walk through the site and see different parts of it and read the information which is placed there for the visitors. And at night there is a sound and light program which is also something to remember. Once you visit Shiraz, do not miss the opportunity to visit Persepolis. Two other historical places nearby are Pasargad (tomb of Cyrus the Great – another UNESCO world heritage sites) and Naghshe-Rostam where you may visit tombs of a few others Achaemenid kings as well as some remains of the same historical era.
In Persepolis these are remains of several palaces and gates including Apadana palace and throne hall as well as the gate of nations. You may also visit the tombs of some of the kings of the time in the mountain stones with beautiful engravings of the stone.
Apadana Palace is one of the oldest palaces in Persepolis. The palace, built by the command of Darius the Great in Persepolis, was used to hold New Year celebrations (Nowruz) and to welcome the representatives of the kingdoms. The Apadana Palace of Persepolis is made up of 72 columns, of which there are now 14 columns.
Tachra Palace or Mirror Palace
Tachra means a winter house. The palace was also built under the command of Darius in Persepolis and was his exclusive palace. There are inscriptions from ancient Persia in this palace, so that the side lines above the columns are used from the Egyptian front view. The main part of the palace is built by Darius the Great and Ivan and the southern stone staircase by Xerxes Shah and the western stone staircase by Ardeshir II.
Another palace of Persepolis is Hadish. This palace, which is the private palace of Xerxes, is located on the highest part of the Persepolis. It is likely that a fire started from this place because of the hatred that the Athenians had on Xerxes because of Athens’s burning down of her. The yellow color of the rocks indicates that the water inside the rocks is completely overheated due to heat.This is a small place here, 6 * 6 columns. There is not much information about this palace of Persepolis because of the great devastation. Hadish means a long place, and since Xerxes Shah, the name of his second wife, has his head, he will name his palace.
Another palace of Persepolis is the Queen’s palace, built by Xerxes, and is comparable to other buildings at a lower altitude. Today it has been used as the museum and the central office of the Persepolis facility.
Hundred Column palaces
The Hundred column Palace is one of the palaces of Persepolis, with an area of 46,000 square meters and a ceiling of 100 columns, each 14 meters high.
Another palace of Persepolis is the Shora palace. This is called the shora palace or the central hall. Probably the king is here to discuss with elders. Due to the sculptures, one of the Shah’s gates came in and came out of two other gates. Because of this, the Shora Council says here that there are two sides of the human pillar that are not elsewhere and that human beings are the symbol of thought.
Persepolis is full of wonders and glorious culture of people whose even ruins today are after 2,500 years of admiration for every Iranian and foreign viewer. Persepolis Museum is the oldest Iranian building used as a museum, including a porch, two galleries and a hall.