National Jewelry Museum
Tehran National Jewelry Museum of Iran is one of the top 10 jewelry museums in the world.
This treasury is one of its best kinds, situated at the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Tehran. There are so many jewels in this museum such as crowns, thirty tiaras, and numerous aigrettes. A dozen of jeweled swords and shields, a number of unset precious gems, numerous plates and other dining services cast in precious metals and encrusted with germs and etc
The underground vault of the Central Bank of Iran shelters an opulent array of priceless gems, crowns, and other jewels worn by the monarchs of the Safavid, Qajar, and Pahlavi dynasties.
Each piece of the collection tells a part of Iran’s turbulent history. The earliest jewelries with recorded dates belong to the Safavid era (1501-1736), though there also are older items but without exact dates.
Shah Abbas I (1588-1629) had a vast collection of jewels as Iran grew rich from the spoils of war, gifts and from traveling jewelers and envoys he sent to search for the rarest specimens in Constantinople, Venice, and India.
The next major contribution to the treasury was by Nader Shah of the Afshar Dynasty. He amassed great riches, including the former Safavid crown jewels, which he recaptured from the Afghans.
Some 50 large gems in the collection are engraved with names of rulers and the date of their reign. A decanter in the collection is a unique example of Zand (1751-94) enameling on gold. A pair of solid gold candlesticks, each weighing 5kg and encrusted with gems, probably dates to the time of Fat’h-Ali Shah Qajar (1771-1834).
The buckle of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar’s gold belt consists of a velvet-green 175-karat emerald in a diamond frame. The scabbard of a saber presented to him by vizier Amin al-Soltan contains close to 3,000 gems. The scabbard is the Pahlavi crown glittering with 3,380 diamonds which is very dazzling.